Jamaica at 60 Trelawny:

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 2 JAMAICA AT 60: TR LAWNY Keisha Hill/Senior Gleaner Writer THE PARISH of Trelawny is moving to take its place as a keyplayer in the tourismsector. The parish has attracted some major hotel developments in recent years, and there are plans in the pipeline for some 6,000 additional rooms along the corridor fromRio Bueno to Falmouth. Trelawny is now forging ahead with its transformation from a parish that has been dominated by agriculture, more so sugar cane, to what is now a very vibrant tourism sector. The parish already has some of the infrastructure to support the tourismproduct including the leading cruise port, rafting on the legendary MarthaBraeRiver, cultural excursions into Maroon history, exploration of the Windsor Caves, the adventures of Chukka Caribbean at Good Hope, andmuchmore. James Tweedie, president of the TrelawnyChamber of Commerce and Industry, said ina fewyears, whenyou combine the inventory of Trelawny with that of Montego Bay, you are looking at two-thirds of the hotel room stock on the island. Tweedie said the industry is stimulating wide-scale economic activity, fostering growth in communities, generating jobs and earning billions of dollars in foreign exchange. It is, he said, alreadyproving tobeapowerful catalyst for improving the socio-economic conditions. “Trelawny is poised to become the next big resort destination, with the parish attracting billions of dollars in investment in hotel developments over the last several years. Currently, Trelawny has over 2,000 hotel rooms, with more slated to come on stream over thenext coupleof years,”Tweedie said. InNovember 2016, RoyaltonLuxury Resorts expanded its portfolio of modern all-inclusive properties with the 228-room Royalton Blue Waters, adjacent to the expanded Royalton White Sands inCooper’s Pen. In2018, A frontal view of Royalton Blue Waters, Trelawny. CONTRIBUTED The next big resort destination TRELAWNY:

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 3 JAMAICA T 60: TR LAWNY the 315-suite Excellence Oyster Bay Hotel opened its doors, a US$110 million investment that is providing employment for some1,500persons. Added to this is the development of OceanCoral Springby the Spanish hotel chain H10, for which ground was broken inFebruary2019.TheH10 project is part of a US$250 million development, whi ch, when completed will comprise two five-star, allinclusive hotels, with 940 rooms. The 800-room luxury Amaterra Resort in Stewart Castle is also part of an integrated resort and residential development being undertaken on 1,000 acres of prime beach front property located between Jamaica’s two largest resort centres –Montego Bay and Ocho Rios. It includes construction of villas, condominiums, entertainment parks, commercial facilities as well as a special economic zone for logistics, Business Process Outsourcing (BPO), manufacturingand support facilities. A further $3 billion has also been earmarked for further development of the capital, Falmouth. In the colonial era, sugar became ‘King’ in the island’s exports, an agriculture-based economy, although there was also significant productionof coffee, tobacco, cotton, and domestic food crops. Over the last century, however, a massive diversificationprocesshasbeenunder way. “The town of Falmouth and the parish of Trelawny have always played a pivotal role in nation building and is a major catalyst for the stimulation of growth for sustainable development. These projects are creating the kind of positive impact thatweneed inour parish. Trelawny is nowdefinitely the place to work, live and do business,” Tweedie said. “It is also the home of the world’s largest cruise shippingvessels andhas been repeatedlyvotedas the favourite destination port by passengers and crewmembers,”he added. There areothermajor resorts in the parish including BracoVillage Resort at Rio Bueno, Pebbles Resort and Starfish Trelawny. In addition to the traditional tourist attractions, heritage tourismattractions includeGeorgian structures dating back to the mid 1700s William Knibb Baptist Manse, the Courthouse, St Peters Anglican Church, GoodHopeGreat House and the Barrett Browing Building. Trelawny is poised to receive its first town house complex upon the completion of the nearly J$1-billion Greens at Hummingbird Estate housing development in Greenside, 1.5 miles from the Falmouth town centre. The first phase of themultimilliondollar project is scheduled for completion within the next 12 months. That will result in the development of 35 three-bedroom town houses, to be followed by another 24 units in PhaseTwo. TheGreens at Hummingbirdoffers a 180-degree panoramic view of the Falmouth harbour, an extensive club house, and will be equipped with a generator house for the street lights. keisha.hill@gleanerjm.com jamaica at Royal Caribbean’s Harmony of the Seas, one of the world’s largest cruise ship with a maximum capacity for some 6,780 guests and 2,300 crewmembers, made its inaugural visit to the Port of Falmouth on November 22, 2016. FILE

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 4 Paul H. Williams/Gleaner Writer WITH A carpet of magenta apple blossoms forming the backdrop, leaves rustling in the cool south Trelawny breeze, and blackbirds cawing raucously in the background, Jennifer Hewitt sat in the same yard in which she grew up and unreeled her memories of August 6, 1962, including that of when an older schoolmate stole her bag of sweets. And it was not pretty. Born in the former Ulster Spring Hospital, Hewitt livedatWilsonValley until thedaywhen she said her now-deceased father“kidnapped” her and brought her to his parents in Warsop. She was two years old. Four years after, Independence came around. To prepare them for the big day, students were taught the new national anthem. Itwas thebeginningof theend of‘Rule, Britannia, rule thewaves’in the Jamaican classroom. Hewitt did not care for it, anyway. With her modulating voice, dramatic facial expressions, and flailing hands, Hewitt, the awarding-winning retired literacy educator, went back to the daywhen she sat went to the celebrations atWarsop School. When shewas askedabout theday, her initial reaction was: “I was a bright-eyed six-year-old.” At the school, amid the jubilation, everybody got a Jamaican flag. Children received a little, greenmetal cupwith the coat of arms and the Independence date emblazoned on it. Hewitt still has hers, minus the prints. The adults got white porcelain cups with the same things printed on them in red. They were also given a sheet of paper containing thenational anthem and the national pledge for school. And while Hewitt was going around in the merry-making, her joywas bitterly interrupted. An older girl had snatched her bag of sweets from her hand. But, she lived to regret it. Someone gave chase, grabbed her, gave her twobigwhacks, and retrieved thebagof sweets, which Hewitt kept in her bosom for the rest of the time. Later, in the village square, Hewitt said,“They had thisbigstreet dance, and the floatsout there, and thegirls cameup in their bandana, and they weredancing. And thenDerrickMorgan’s song, Forward March ... . And Lord Creator had this song, Independent Jamaica, wherehe told the whole storyof how Independence came about.” The significance of Independence was not lost on the inquisitive and precocious Jennifer Hewitt, who could read from she was four. She was always in the know. Her grandparentswere the only ones on her street who had a radio, “a bigone that usedabigbattery, likea car battery”. Andso, everySaturdaypeople wouldgather to listen to, and discuss, whatwas happening. They were also the only ones in her vicinity who bought The Gleaner regularly. That, too, would pull neighbours into her yard. LEARNED BY LISTENING “As a child, I was not allowed to be in the conversations, but I have to listen. So, I learned a lot. By age six I could pick up a Gleaner and read anything from it. Mama used to sit on the step ... and I would sit in her lap, and shewould hold the newspaper, and I would read for her,” Hewitt recalled. Shewas awareof theFederation and Independence debate, and the Jamaica Labour Party’s election campaign slogan of ‘Independence, yes; federation, no’. “I never forgot it, for whenBustamante came toWarsop andhad themeeting out there, they gave us the sticker, and I shook his hand. And Norman Manley came, and had the meeting. And I never washedmy hand,”Hewitt narrated. Her face lit up as she stretched out her arms, the hands of which had shaken Bustamante’s andNormanManley’s. For days, she said, she did not was them, even upon the instruction of her grandmother. “And nobody could touchmy hand”. There was much hope for the future, and the people believed that better days would come. “They were trying to tell us colonisation was not good for us ... whatever ... and with us being independent, we wouldhavegone forward to great things,” Hewitt recollected. But, 60 years after, she is having mixed feelings. She said, “I have seen some great things, but I have seen a lot of backward steps ... .Yes, yes, yes. I’m disappointed with a lot of things. I am happy for some, because I amaproduct of the freeing up of education.” JAMAICA T 60: TR LAWNY FOND MEMORIES JENNIFER HEWITT HAS BUT ... Above: Jennifer Hewitt shows the 1962 Independence tin cup she got as a student, symbolising Jamaica’s Independence, which she has kept as a souvenir at home on Mount Happy Road in Warsop, Trelawny. PHOTOS BY NICHOLAS NUNES/ PHOTOGRAPHER Jennifer Hewittwith the PrimeMinister’sMedal of Appreciation for service to education and her Golden Torch Award. jamaica at

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 8 JAMAICA T 60: TR LAWNY jamaica at Paul H. Williams/Gleaner Writer EMBEDDEDWITHIN the concept of political Independencewhere former colonies are free from the yoke of imperialism, and are responsible for their own political, social and economic development is the idea of personal independence. People have to find ways andmeans to eke out a living and take care of their personal well-being and that of their families. Here, in Jamaica, it is very difficult for hundreds of people to maintain that status and spirit of individual independence for a multiplicity of reasons, including the scarcity of employment opportunities, especially in the rural areas where subsistence and small-scale commercial farming is the main way in which to earn an income. And, more and more farming is not regarded as an income-earner of choice among the youths. As such, they are heavily dependent on their relatives, friends, associates, and social services for their day-to-day survival. One organisation that is trying to eradicate this high level of dependence, whether deliberately or not, is the SouthEast Cockpit Country Local ForestManagement Committee Benevolent Society in Trelawny (SECCLFMCBS). The SECCLFMCBS was established through the Forestry Department since 2007. As protectors of the forest reserves they collaborate with RADA, the Social Development Commission, and other stakeholders to engage in capacity-building activities with community members. According to Arlette Duncan-Fullerton, vicechair, their main purpose is “to assist community members with sustainable livelihood activities”, such as the setting up of apiaries, art and craft production, and training in entrepreneurship and agro-forestry. They meet in Troy, perhaps Trelawny’s most southern village, at a facility where they produce tote bags, cushion, pillows, baskets, etc. Theirmandate is to improve the lot of communitymembers.Theprojects are funded through the Environmental Foundation of Jamaica and the Canadian Funds For Local Initiatives. There are three such groups in Trelawny, one in Sawyers, one in the north Cockpit, and of course, SECCLFMCBS. DuncanFullerton’s society is particularly interested in getting the many youths-at-risk in the area to grasp the training opportunities it facilitates. They even beg them to be involved, as some of them have absolutely nothing to earn a living from, and farming is not an option. She said they want “to develop a programmewherewe canhelp them tobecome entrepreneurs in farming, craft productionand bee-rearing”. Gregory Fullerton is one of the few males in the group, and one of his objectives is to enhance the environment, and to push for alternative employment outside of farming. He said he is big on that. He also wants the area to be an ecotourism destination because of the greenery and the history of the place. Involvement in what the benevolent societydoes, heargued, is analternative to illegal activities, such as scamming. The treasurer, Alda-EuniceMcNish, oneof the eldestmembers, relocated to the area fromKingston in2004, she said, because she wanted to help young people in the community, and things have looking good so far. In addition to being keeper of the treasury, she is a machine operator, and trains participants to make bags and cushions. The society’s biggest need is to secure funding to continue production of items, and the training of communitymembers. Somemore machines, materials, greater cash flow, etc., arealsowelcome. Under the Benevolent Society theDepartment of Cooperatives hadmade sure that they are legally registered so that they can benefit from funding opportunities. “It all comes down to the funding for the production that we have here,” Duncan-Fullerton said. She is also appealing to housewives to get out and get involved. It’s about learning a skill or two, becoming an entrepreneur, and earning their own money. Thus, the South East Cockpit Country Local Forest Management Committee Benevolent Society is putting people on the path to personal independence. Trelawny benevolent societies creating paths to independence Delroy Williams makes a basket during one of the sessions of the South East Cockpit Country Local Forest Management Committee Benevolent Society. NICHOLAS NUNES/PHOTOGRAPHER

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 9 JAMAICA T 60: TR L WNY Paul H. Williams/Gleaner Writer THE FORESTRYDepartment (FD) is agovernment agency responsible for the management and conservationof the country’s forest resources. Its functions aremandatedunder the1996Forest Act, and are aimed at managing forests on a sustainable basis to maintain and increase the environmental services and economic benefits they provide. It consists of two branches (public relations and corporate communications, and information and communication technology) and four divisions (legal and enforcement, corporate services, forest science and technology service, and forest operations).The latter consists of two zones, Eastern (St Mary, Portland, Kingston, St Andrew, StThomas, St Catherine and Clarendon) and Western (Hanover, St James, St Ann,Westmoreland, St Elizabeth, Manchester andTrelawny). And, recently, TheGleaner chanceduponamonthly meeting that the FD was having with the South East Cockpit Country Local ForestManagement Benevolent Society in the district of Troy in southern Trelawny. We were told the FD collaborate with schools to hold climate-smart training session to encourage young people in high school to learn about sustainable Alda-Unice McNish, treasurer of Local Forest Management Committee Benevolent Society (ILFMC), shows her skills in sewing to the other members of the LFMC South-East Cockpit Country, during a meeting earlier this month in Troy, Trelawny. The LFMC initiative is to educate the youth of Troy, Trelawny, in farming and craft making. NICHOLAS NUNES/PHOTOGRAPHER Forestry Dept executes its mandate in Trelawny PLEASE SEE FORESTRY, 11 jamaica at

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 10 JAMAICA T 60: TR L WNY Paul H.Williams/GleanerWriter ONEOF theearliest parishes in Jamaica, St James, was founded about 1664-1665. This northwesternparishwas sprawling and poor for many decades. Some of the settlers started to complain about its vast size. The rich sugar planters in the east of the parish maintained that getting to the capital,Montego Bay, todobusinesswas very challengingat times, so theywrote theAssembly (the thengoverning body) requesting that the parish be divided. In April 1733, the governor, Major General RobertHunter, told theAssembly that theparish was in fact divided.Yet, it took 37 years, in1771, before the Government published a formal writ declaring the division of the parish. The new parish, Trelawny, was named afterWilliam Trelawny, the then governor. Initially, the main town was Martha Brae, not far from which there was a seaside village called Martha Brae Point, which was renamed Falmouth. About 1790, Falmouth, with about 200houses, replacedMarthaBrae as the capital ofTrelawny. Built on land thatwas bought from Edward Barrett, it was laid out as a grid. The townwas established at a timewhen the sugar industry was booming, with the parish being one of the biggest sugar-producing regions in the island. Because of the activities at the busy port, Falmouth began to grow rapidly, and at one point was rivalling the social and economic importanceof Kingston. Itwas overrunby sailors who waited for the ‘right’ wind to depart the island in their sailboats. Things got so chaotic that itwasdecreed that these rowdy sailors could not be seen in the town after 6 p.m. Theadvent of the steamship into Jamaicawas to be the beginning of the end of Falmouth’s glory days. The harbour was too small to accommodate these larger vessels. They sailed insteadtootherports, thus significantly lessening activities at the port Also, the train service from Kingston to Montego Bay, established in 1894, meant that traffic was diverted fromFalmouth, which was now being bypassed. By the turn of the century, Falmouth, as a commercial port, was dead. Today, despite its richhistory,Trelawny isoneof the least populatedparishes in the country. It has only twopolitical constituencies. Agreatmajority of the parishioners lives in the northern half, as the south and central regions are straddled by the rugged Cockpit Country, whose hill-andgully topographymakes habitationchallenging. In the southeast, there is a string of idyllic villages perchingmainly on ridges that connect the hills and hillocks, at the foot of which are basins (cockpits). The air is clean, and the land green.While farming is themainstay formost of the residents,manymoreareemployed inhotels in this and other north coast parishes. Places and things of interest in the parish of Usain Bolt and Veronica Campbell-Brown include: Falmouth Parish Church, Kettering Baptist Church, Falmouth Presbyterian Church, Falmouth Baptist Church, Falmouth Court House, Falmouth Police Station, Fort Dundas, GoodHopeGreat House onGoodHope Estate, GreenGrottoCaves, Granvilledistrict, Falmouth Square, Stewart Castle, RioBueno, JamaicaSafari Village, Luminous Lagoon, Martha Brae rafting, Westwood High School, and the Falmouth Wharves. Now, find out how much you know about Trelawnyby answering the followingquestions: TRIVIA TRELAWNY 1. Apart from St James, which other parishes surround Trelawny? 2. Where was the first commercial seaport in Trelawny located? 3. Which village is not located in Trelawny? Clarks Town, Sawyers, Aucthembeddie or Alps. 4. What is the style of architecture of the buildings in Falmouth? 5. What was the name of the village that was renamed Falmouth? 6. How did Falmouth get its name? 7. Name the geographical region that makes up most of Trelawny. 8. Who was Martha Brae? 9. What is Martha Brae River famous for? 10. What was Ulster Spring well known for? 11. What is the name of the square in Falmouth? 12. When was the reservoir built in Falmouth Square? 13. What ground provision is Trelawny known for? 14. On which day of the week is ‘Bend Down market held in Falmouth? 15. Which high school in Trelawny is named after a Baptist missionary? 16. In which town is Westwood High School situated? 17. Which international event took place in Trelawny in 2007? 18. True or false? Duncans was once the capital of Trelawny. 19. Who is the current mayor of Falmouth? 20. Who is the current custos of Trelawny? ANSWERS 1. St Elizabeth, Manchester and St Ann. 2. Rock. 3. Auchtembeddie. 4. Georgian. 5. Martha Brae Point. 6. From Falmouth, England, the birthplace of William Trelawny, governor of Jamaica. 7. The Cockpit Country. 8. She was said to be a Taino princess. 9. Rafting. 10. Its general hospital. 11. Water Square. 12.1798. 13. Yellow yam. 14. Wednesday. 15. William Knibb Memorial High School. 16. Stewart Town. 17. Cricket World Cup. 18. False. 19. Councillor Colin Gager. 20. Hugh Wayne Gentles. Three marks for each correct answer: 15 marks and below, poor; 16-30, fair; 31-45, average; 46- 50, good; 51-55, very good; 56-60, excellent. jamaica at

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 11 FORESTRY CONTINUED FROM 9 agricultural practices. “We arebigon food security.When it comes to war ... So, you need to help secure food so you can help persons with the economy,” Tamara Fullerton, rural sociologist for the WesternZone, said. It is not just about cutting down trees, it should be about how the food is grown andmarketed. Technicians from the FD also teach parishioners to“produceproperly”by learning the different farming technologies that are not the traditional farming techniques, such as slash-and-burn. They are also given timber and fruit tree seedlings. “We are trying to maintain what we have, and this area of Trelawny is known for its greenery, butwehavealso realised that people haveneeds, and theywill cut the trees inorder tosatisfy their needs.Weareencouraging them to replant, so it’s a continuous cycle,”Ann-Marie Bromfield, forest manager for the southwest region, explained. One of the challenges in the zones is the lack of interest in farming among the youth, so there are efforts to incorporate them into sustainable activities. And since youngpeople love electronic technology, the FD is using just that toget theminvolved. It has just completed a training programme in digitisation and marketing at Northern Caribbean University, in whichmany youth had participated. “Weare trying to findother areas inwhichwe can incorporate them so that they can have a livelihoodoutsideof yamfarming, which they donot find attractive. Eachperson that is able tomake a livelihood outside of the forest also works for us. It also helps to maintain forest reserves, and helps to maintain Jamaica as a land of wood andwater,”Bromfield said. The incorporation of the people in the communities is very important, so the FD works through the local forest management committees whose duty is to create a link between thepeopleand the forest-dependent areas inwhich they live. It has tomake sure that thepeoplewho liveoff the forest arenot doing so with destructive practices. In a symbiotic relationship they take care of the forest while it is providing for them. Bromfield said, “You can still earn, you can still take care of your family, and at the same time you are being sustainable.” It is a win-win situation. Embedded in the work of the FD there is the concept of social and community forestry, which is about “sustaining life and the environment”. Someof thepartners in this thrust are theSocialDevelopmentCommission, RADA, Jamaica Agricultural Society, HEART/ NSTATrust, andNorthernCaribbeanUniversity. They collaborate to bring opportunities to communities, such as Troy, that are seldom heard of. Paul H. Williams/Gleaner Writer JAMAICA IS made up mainly of limestone, and inareaswhere the rainhas significantly drained minerals from the rock, a karst scenery is created. Fissures, tunnels, underground caves, chambers and sink-holes are thus to be found all over the country, moreso in the Cockpit Country, a unique and distinctive topography that straddles parts of Trelawny, St Elizabeth, St James, St Ann and Manchester. More of it is in Trelawny than in the other parishes. The entire region has a hill-and-gully appearance where steep-sided basins (cockpits), some very expansive and deep, are surrounded by conical hills and hillocks of various sizes. There are not many extended flat pieces of land. The mounds are connected bynarrowridges, alongwhich towns have been established. The longest ridge extends from Flagstaff in St James, through Windsor in Trelawny, and ends at Campbells. The region is heavily forested, and consists of Jamaica’s largest remaining block of wet, limestone forest, including 22,327 hectares of forest reserves. There is an abundance of endemicplant speciesmanyofwhichare found only in Jamaica; others are found only in the Cockpit Country. Fruit trees andmedicinal herbs areeverywhere, and soare floweringplants that are not easy to access, because of the terrain. It is also the home to rare and endemic species of insects andother creatures, andwhere there are trees, there is much water. It rains inabundance in theCockpit Country, a majorwatershed region.Therearemany surface and subterranean rivers, streams, and lakes, the sources of 40per cent of Jamaica’s underground water. It is an important supplier of freshwater for thenation, providingabout 40per cent of the water needs ofwestern Jamaica.TheRioBueno and Martha Brae rivers in Trelawny, the Great River inSt James/Hanover and theYS andBlack rivers in St Elizabeth are just a few of the water sources that originate in the Cockpit Country. It is in this same place that enslaved Africans in central and western Jamaica found refuge. TheMaroons, as they came tobe called, learned about the geographical complexity of the Cockpit Country and used that knowledge to launchguerillawars against the colonisers.They lived, workedandplayed in their own space, and time, andwhen their freedomwas threatened, they resisted. Defeated and frustrated, the colonisers calleda truce, and in1738 a treaty of peace and friendship was signed. The Maroons had gained their Independence and received lands on which to live in peace. The Cockpit Country then represents an incomparable symbol of resistance, and, by extension, an indelible part of our heritage. In this rugged wilderness the soil is very fertile making it ideal for farming, which is the main source of income in the region. At the bottomsof thecockpits andvalleysbetween the mounds, even on the steep inclines, there are great deposits of terra rosa (red soil), someof the most productiveon the island. Embedded in this red soil is bauxite, which is actually sedimentary rock consistingmainly of aluminiumminerals. Becauseof its verynature, theCockpit Country is ideal for bauxite mining and limestone quarrying. And, over the years, there has been much resistance to mining and quarrying within and near the Cockpit Country. The very vocal anti-Cockpit Country miningmovement is maintaining that such practices will, in the long run, destroy the ecological balance of the region, therefore, putting human lives and the environment at risk. The attorney-general andbauxite companies are being sued by the Southern Trelawny Environment Agency and a farmer named Clifton Barrett over the mining of sections of St Ann andTrelawny. The trial is set for October 24 - 27 and31. But the claimants are requesting, through an injunction, that the SupremeCourt prevent Noranda Jamaica Bauxite Partners II and New Day Aluminium (Jamaica) Limited from conducting any mining activity until an official court decision is made. The hearing for a restraining order is set for tomorrow. And somepeople regard the ideaof overseas interests mining bauxite in such an important region in Jamaicaas abetrayal of our sovereignty andstatus as an Independent nation. It gives the impression that we cannot live without their economic intervention, albeit the negative impact that such interventions might have on the people and the environment. The Cockpit CountryWarriors is one of the groups fighting to protect the region from practices that undermine the Cockpit Country’s integrity and sustenance. On one of its Facebook pages it says, “This group seeks to provide a forumwhere we can discuss issues that pertain to the imminent mining plans by Noranda, to mine bauxite in Cockpit Country. Our primary aim is to have the Government accept the Stakeholders map of Cockpit Country and to cease and desist from any plans to mine SML 173 (designated mining area).Our long-term goal is to provide information and programmes that will foster indigenous sustainability in our communities. Bauxite [mining] is not the only negative thing in Cockpit Country.” The Cockpit Country is one of Jamaica’s national treasures, on the same page of importance as eastern Jamaica’s Blue and John CrowMountains National Park, which is a WorldHeritage Site. It is an essential part of the heartbeat and lifeblood of this independent nation. It has great environmental, economic, medicinal, social andhistorical value. However, its sustainability is being compromised by deforestation and other destructive practices. A typical Cockpit Country landscape. This view is from the Good Hope Great House in Trelawny. CONTRIBUTED jamaica at To preserve or to exploit? TRELAWNY’S COCKPIT COUNTRY: JAMAICA T 60: TR LAWNY

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 12 JAMAICA T 60: TR LAWNY jamaica AT | VOX POP WE HAVE COME A FAR WAY The Gleaner asked Trelawny residents the following question: How do you feel about the Jamaica 60 Diamond Jubilee? Below are their responses. Runell Williams, pharmacy technician, JP “We have come a far way. Far, far way. Technology-wise. Even the improvement in the road structure and so forth. Houses, because long time ago we were used to the wattle-and-daub, and board structures. Now, we have many houses made of blocks and steel. I am looking forward to Jamaica 60th anniversary. It means a lot to me, it means a lot to me. All what the politicians need to do is to do what them suppose to do, to make Jamaica better. And, we must hold them accountable.” Patrick Hylton, long-time ice cream vendor “I would like it to come back to what it was like at first, but it is not gonna make it. Because, guess what? Jamaica corrupt, corrupt. And yuh see because of dem yah young people yah now, Jamaica not coming back. I used to look forward to Independence because I used to make money out of Independence. And mi build my house out a Independence, Christmas, Easter. Nowadays, mi nuh mek nutten much, because the population of children no care bout nutten again ... Yes, mi a look forward because mi would like to see suppen nice come back out a Jamaica.” Franklyn Brown, returned resident/ farmer “Nuh really enuh. Things that we had then not here now. For instance, the road ... There is hardly a playing field now, better part of 40 years ... When I left here there was a general hospital [Ulster Spring], it’s not hospital now, it’s a clinic. We don’t have a post office, we don’t have a fire station, and water is in the pipe once in a while. We can’t get water on a regular basis. There is no pump house no more. Proud a Jamaica, went away, came back, came back right here, retired, living here, but I would like to see a whole lot of improvement. A lot of people would want to come back, but come back to what?” Demar Brown, electrician “The last time I celebrated Independence was Jamaica 50. Mi actually enjoy myself in Falmouth Square, we have a serious drink. I haven’t been to once since. And even now after the pandemic, I don’t think am gonna be in the position to enjoy one more. Because even since the prime minister open up the country, actually I really don’t like any big event, going into the crowd, and so forth, cause I’m actually still scared.” Talya Mair, farmer “If we are independent, we would say, boy, we should have more access to Jamaica as a Jamaican, so me wouldn’t feel say we independent. More likely the beaches, and some a di rivers wheh we have right now yuh cyaan enter dem without a barrier at the gate, because wha, a private man own it. We have to pay to live inna we own country ... It’s all about a celebration of Independence, so we all join the bandwagon just to support it, but deep down there are lots of issues to be solved.” Hermine Hamilton, JP, acting school chairman “It (Independence) is there already, we shouldn’t give up. Let’s embrace it. We must work with it and make it happen. No true!? The celebrations can go on. We can go right back to the first year of celebration. It’s jubilee, we can go right back! We have the Kumina groups. Right down in a place called Freeman’s Hall, there is a cultural group. If you see those people perform you open yuh mouth wide. We are hiding in the bush here. People need to discover us ... Let us go out there, man. Out of many we are one. It’s not dead. Independence is there.” Swimmers enjoying themselves at Burwood Beach in Trelawny. File

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 13 jamaica at JAMAICA T 60: TR L WNY Paul H. Williams/Gleaner Writer FOR ONEweek inAugust the northwestern parish of Trelawny will be inundated with Independence celebratory events. That is the word from the Jamaica Cultural Development Commission (JCDC) parishmanager, Beverley Edwards Stewart. “Festival is very much keeping in Trelawny, and this year we intend to have a different approach. It is usual in most cases, where events are centred mainly in towns, for example, Falmouth. This year, as we tried in 2019, we will be taking it to the nooks and crannies,”she told TheGleaner over theweekend. It is verymuch alive, but not yet launched. “We are aware that Falmouth is notTrelawny,” she remarked, but every town and district will not be hosting an event. People in satellite communities around those where events will be heldwill be duly informed and encouraged to go participate by way of a town crier, among other media. Town criers are a way of announcing community events in rural parishes. From August 1 to 6, there will be street dances, whichwill be replicated throughout the island. They are a major part of what is happening, Edwards Stewart said. “The street dance is not gonna be justmusic playing, you know. People gonna be coming on stage. People a go say dem likkle poem, people a go dance, people gonna be reminiscing. It’s Jamaica 60, and as bad as things are, there are things to celebrate about Jamaica. The resilience of the people is one thingwe can celebrate. No matter how time hard and time rough, people stand up against these things …and we need to highlight that,”she shared. In fact, the festivities start on July 31, EmancipationDay eve, with the Emancipation Vigil, which is a collaborative effort of the JCDC and the Trelawny Municipal Corporation. “Themunicipal corporation plays an integral role in the planningof the vigil. And so, activities within the corporation are spanned between councillors and their divisions … And, guess what?This is going tobe the vigil where people going to come out. That’s the plan.We are going to have chocolate tea, salt fish fritters, fried fish and bread,”she revealed.“Come out, come out with yuh enamel mug, the one wey chip up.” Also, there are plans for‘A fur we a come fram’, an event in Water Square, Falmouth, where a huge tent will be transformed into a walk-in museum. It will display artefacts from “way back when”. It is about taking the events to the people. Falmouth itself is a historic town, laid out as the parish capital in 1790. “We are reigniting, as the theme says, a nation for greatness. We are reigniting the greatness of the nation,”Edwards Stewart said. She is also reminding parishioners that preparations for the 2022MissTrelawny Festival Queen pageant are in high gear for the June 12 finals. Beverley Edwards Stewart , parishmanager, JCDC Trelawny. CONTRIBUTED Independence celebrations to take over Trelawny ‘A fur we a come fram’

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 14 Keisha Hill/Senior Gleaner Writer TRELAWNY’S PROFILE is increasing as a business and residential location, and strategic growth and consultative work will be required in order to guide orderly development and investment in the western parish. In keeping with their mission to drive growth and improve the quality of lives of the people, especially those residing in the sugardependent parish, the Trelawny Chamber of Commerce and Industry intends to actively and continuously promote a successful and inclusive business environment. James Tweedie, president of the chamber, said their goal is typically to promote the businesses existing within the community, to help strengthen them and ensure that businesses have the support and network they need to succeed. On the growth agenda for the parish, Tweedie said the chamber is actively promoting equity and inclusiveness in all areas of business, while unifying the voice of business interests across all sectors. “We arepromoting the initial and continuing training, certification and economic health of all levels of business activity; from sole proprietorship, professionals, small businesses, mid-sized businesses, to large businesses, through active partnerships with government and non-government agencies,”he said. However, while being the primary advocate for the general welfare of business stakeholders in the parish, Tweedie said there are a number of areas of concern for the business community in Trelawny. Chief among them are the road conditions and traffic safety in the parish. “Many of the primary and secondary roadways need reconstructing and paving. These repairs should include asphalting, and drainage improvement. Intermittent patching has been done over successive governments but there has been no major repair done on some of these roads. Many of these roads have now passed the point of patching and full resurfacing is needed,”Tweedie said. Tweedie said there also needs to be an introduction of traffic signals at key places along the north coast highway. Another area of concern, Tweedie said, is the irregular collection of solid waste in the parish. With the pile-up of garbage in several communities, he said the National SolidWaste Management Authority should maintain a regular civic engagement process, by giving regular advisories, and put into action the often talked-about and long-overdue local solid waste transfer station. “The short-term strategies have not been fruitful and have not significantly reduced the trash pile-up in various sections of the parish. There should be plans in place to ensure that the garbage trucks are on board, and institute a proper garbage collection timetable as part of this thrust,”Tweedie said. With the Trelawny police enjoying a 26 per cent reduction in murders in the parish last year, Tweedie is pleased with the downward trajectory in murders and other major crimes in the parish. He is relieved that Trelawny is not as badly affected by the high crime rate plaguing the other parishes in the Area One Police Division. Many of these altercations are stemmed from domestic disputes. However, in an effort to further reduce the murder rate in the parish, Tweedie said there needs to be a stronger partnership with stakeholders. With the Ministry of National Security steadily increasing the network of cameras that are a part of the country’s national closed-circuit television surveillance programme, dubbed ‘Jamaica Eye’, Tweedie is suggesting that the town of Falmouth be incorporated into this plan. “The feeds provide useful footage in relation to criminal activity and other emergencies and are monitored by a team of security professionals. The participation of and partnership with private citizens who share footage from their cameras free of cost is integral to the success of the programme,” Tweedie said. In addition, more young people must be actively engaged, and improved social programmes streamlined tomeet their needs. “For the future of the parish, special emphasis needs to be placed on comprehensive social and educational programmes, starting with early childhood education. There needs to be a formal, continuing partnership between charitable groups, elements of the private sector and the Government,” he said. He suggested that the Government, working through local municipalities, community clubs and similar organisations, should try to engage with youngsters and help them back to the point where they are able to see a future and realign their goals. keisha.hill@gleanerjm.com Tourism Minister Edmund Bartlett (third left) listens keenly as Lydia Nelson, architect, Design Collaborative (left), explains the architectural model of the artisan village currently under construction at Hampden Wharf, Trelawny, at the seventh staging of Christmas in July held last July 22 at the Jamaica Pegasus hotel, New Kingston. Looking on are (from left): Permanent Secretary Jennifer Griffith; Carolyn McDonald-Riley, director, Tourism Linkages Network; Richard Pandohie, chairman of the Manufacturing Technical Working Group, Tourism Linkages Council; and Valerie Veira, chief executive officer, Jamaica Business Development Corporation. FILE jamaica at JAMAICA T 60: TR L WNY Trelawny’s business and economic profile increasing

NAME OF FEATURE | THE GLEANER | MONDAY, MAY 30, 2022 15 THERE ARE many things to do in Trelawny that involve the beach, river, a cruise port and other traditional tourist attractions. However, if you are a history buff, Trelawny is a parish with a rich history and is even home to a number of official heritage sites – so designated under the Jamaica National Heritage Trust Act – that are great sites for sightseeing. For instance, you could start with the oldest public building in the town, Falmouth Parish Church, which is situated on land donated by Edward Barrett, the grandfather of the famed English Romantic Poet, Elizabeth Barrett Browning. If you are interested in churches, another official historical site is the Kettering Baptist Church – associated with Reverend William Knibb who founded the Kettering Free Village. If you are wondering about the name Kettering, it is the English birthplace of Reverend William Knibb. There is even a town in Trelawny named Kettering and it too is an official historical site. Or, you could visit a house that was part of an estate that belonged to the largest land and slave owner in Jamaica. That would be Good Hope House that belonged to John Tharp. Another great house of JAMAICA T 60: TR LAWNY The Trelawny Parish Court and municipal corporation building. Good Hope Estate in Trelawny. FILE PHOTOS THINGS TO SEE IN TRELAWNY significance is the Green Park Great House, whose name actually evolved from a pond of all things. And then there’s the court of justice, the Falmouth Court House, which was erected in 1815. Can you believe that Trelawny even has a castle? Yes, Stewart Castle famous also as a site for Taino excavations. The Taino were the very first people who lived in Jamaica. Of cour se , what’s a list of hi stor i cal s i tes without a bit of intrigue? People say that Rio Bueno was the place that Christopher Columbus landed upon his arrival in Jamaica. But Discovery Bay in St. Ann makes the same claim. What do you think? There are many more historical gems to be found in Trelawny so be sure to take in some of this parish’s intriguing historical sites when you are sightseeing! Source: http://digjamaica.com/m/ blog/trelawny-sightseeinghistorical-sites/ jamaica at

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